Bachelor's Thesis

Cultural Differences in Attribution Behavior in Dota 2


Boyan Qiao

Processing Period:

07.12.2018 - 01.03.2019


This thesis studies cultural differences in causal attribution and player experience in the context of Dota 2. Furthermore, the role of social presence in the attribution process is also investigated. The definition and mechanics of multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) games are introduced, and some critical factors in Dota 2 are also discussed. Moreover, an overview of the definitions and the application of attribution theory in other areas is introduced, as well as its possible connections with games. Social presence is briefly discussed as another possible influencing factor on attribution behavior.

In the second part of this thesis, an online survey is presented to quantitatively investigate the possible relationship between the factors stated above. Eighty-eight of the 205 data collected are considered valid. Prior game expertise, enjoyment, attribution style, perceived social presence are assessed in the form of questionnaires. The results of the study indicate a significant difference between winning and losing. Also, a culturally based difference in perceived cooperative social presence is found. Moreover, there is a significant relationship between social presence and attribution behavior. No cultural differences in attribution behavior were found.